Aircraft Minimum Fuel Requirements

Commercial Flights

Per ICAO Annex 6, Part I, section 4.3.6 "Fuel Requirements," airplanes should calculate their required fuel quantity as follows (summary; see below for actual ICAO text):
  • Taxi fuel
  • Trip fuel (to reach intended destination)
  • Contingency fuel (higher of 5% of "trip fuel" or 5 minutes of holding flight)
  • Destination

Hadley Cells About Atmosphere

The atmosphere transports heat throughout the globe extremely well, but present-day atmospheric characteristics prevent heat from being carried directly from the equator to the poles. Currently, there are three distinct wind cells - Hadley Cells, Ferrel Cells, and Polar Cells - that divide the troposphere into regions of

Jet Blast

Jet blast !

Jet blast is the phenomenon of rapid air movement produced by the jet engines of aircraft, particularly on or before takeoff. A large jet-engined aircraft can produce winds of up to 100 knots (190 km/h; 120 mph) as far away as 60 metres (200 ft) behind it at 40%

25 Insanely Dangerous Airports Around The World

25 Insanely Dangerous Airports Around The World

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I love flying. Seeing the world from the clouds and traveling to foreign places is always a magical experience. But like any good meal, there’s always a bill to pay at the end.

Aircraft Records

All Aircraft Records This article gives yearly aviation records under 5 headings: airspeed, range, ceiling, gross take-off weight, and engine power. Airspeed Records Range Records Ceiling Records T/O Weight Records Engine Power Records    

Year Airspeed Range Ceiling T/O Weight Engine power
1905 60.91 km/h (37.85 mph) USA Wilbur Wright Flyer III October 5, 1905 38.95 km (24.2 miles) USA Wilbur Wright Flyer III October 5, 1905 15 m (50 ft) USA Wilbur Wright Flyer III September 28, 1905 388 kg (855 lb) USA Wright Brothers Flyer

What Is the Most Fuel-Efficient Airplane?

There is no greater concern among pilots and airplane owners today than the cost of fuel. Prices vary widely from airport to airport, but $5 is often on the low end and $7 a gallon is not the top. And in many instances jet fuel costs more than avgas, a

All Engine Type Of Jets

7-6-2016 2-46-16 AM The basic idea of the turbojet engine is simple. Air taken in from an opening in the front of the engine is compressed to 3 to 12 times its original pressure in compressor. Fuel